Facility layout refers to the configuration of departments, employee workstations, customer service areas, material storage areas, restrooms, offices, computer rooms, and for the flow patterns of materials and people around into and within buildings.
As process planning and facility layout planning proceed, there is a continuous interchange of information between these two planning activities, because each affects the other.
In operations strategy, the mix of competitive priorities that operation function can provide is: low production costs, fast and on-time deliveries, high-quality products and services, and product and volume flexibility.
The objectives that drive facility layouts must reflect an appropriate mix of these competitive priorities. Operations strategy drives facility planning, and facility layouts serve as a means of achieving operations strategy.
( I ) BASIC LAYOUT TYPES
The central focus of most manu...