Alexander the Great in Conquest of Gaugemel
In the early summer of 331, Alexander the Great took his whole army northeast through Syria, reaching Euphrates, not earlier than July 10. Darius, the great king of the Persian empire, knew very well that Babylon itself was Alexander’s next objective. Babylon, the great city on the Lower Euphrates, was the economic center of the empire.
Alexander the Great struck hard, fast, and with maximum economy. It was therfore that he would come straight down the east bank of the Euphrates, just as the Cyrus had done in 401, to meet disastrous defeat at Cunaxa. It was quite noticeable that Darius had studied the battle of Cunaxa with some care, and hoped to repeat it in detail. The plain at Cunaxa, some sixty miles north-west of Babylon, was ideal for calvary maneuvers-and the Great King now had some 34,000 armed horsemen at his disposal. After a quick change in strategy the Great King decided to try and hold Alexa...