On November 18th of 1918, Germany, a member of the Central Powers, surrendered unconditionally to the allies. World War I had ended with a total of 37 million casualties, including 9 million dead combatants. German propaganda had not prepared that nation for defeat, and its suddenness resulted in a sense of injured German national pride. Following the defeat of Germany in World War I and in the midst of a great worldwide depression, both the social and political climates were prime for a dictator such as Adolf Hitler to rise to power.
A year later, in June of 1919, the leaders of the Allies met at the Palace of Versailles to decide on the peace settlement after World War I. The treaty, which was a compromise of ideas from George Clemanceau, Prime minister of France, David Lloyd George, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, Vittorio Orlando, the Prime minister of Italy, and Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States. According to the terms of the peace agree...