|The Mystery of Samba
Vianna, Hermano. The Mystery of Samba: Popular Music and National Identity in Brazil. (1999).
In "The Mystery of Samba", Vianna discusses samba in a different light than other authors have. He explains that although samba has become a symbol of their culture and something they are proud of, that it was not always that way. The author is not interested in where samba originated or about the history of its players, he says "I am thinking of samba's transformation into a 'national rhythm," when it was suddenly 'discovered' by the nation as a whole and adopted as a defining element of brasilidade or Brazilian identity" (Vianna 10).
Around the 1920's and 1930's samba was viewed as music that was for lowlife people, it was not considered appropriate music for the elite. After the 1930's, however, great sambista players paved the way for the music to gain popularity. Also, carnivals were becoming very important events that displayed Brazilian nationality, and...