Archimedes was born in 287 BC in Syracuse, a Greek seaport colony in Sicily. Archimedesí father was Phidias. He was an astronomer; this is all we know about his father and we learn this from Archimedesí work, The Sandreckoner. Archimedes was educated in Alexandria, Egypt. Archimedesí friend, Heracleides, wrote a biography about him, but this work was lost. Some authors report that he visited Egypt and there invented a tool known as Archimedes' screw. This is a pump, still used today in parts of the world. It is likely that, when he was a young man, Archimedes studied with the followers of Euclid. Many of his ideas seem to correspond with the mathematics developed there. This speculation is much more certain because he sent his results to Alexandria with personal messages. He considered Conon of Samos, one of the greatest achieving mathematicians at Alexandria, both for his abilities as a mathematician and he also respected him as a close friend.
Archimedes spent ...