Revolution can be defined as radical or rapid change. Revolutions, whether called by that name or not have greatly changed the world. Three revolutions prior to 1700 were the Enlightenment, the Crusades, and the Renaissance.
The enlightenment was a movement that sought to shine the “light” of reason on traditional ideas about government and society. During the Enlightenment, sometimes called the Age of Reason, thinkers fought against superstition, ignorance, intolerance, and tyranny. Enlightenment thinkers promoted goals of material well-being, social justice, and worldly happiness. Their ideas about government and society stood in sharp contrast to the old principles of divine right rule, a rigid social hierarchy, and the promise of a better life in heaven. Since the 1700’s enlightenment ideas have spread, challenging established traditions around the world. During the Enlightenment, two English thinkers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke set forth ideas that became key...