Laws. We all must obey them, but why? For fear of going to jail, or being fined? Those are the individual effects of civil disobedience, but what happens what is the purpose of law in society? Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all attempted to interpret the need for laws in society, in order to maintain the good of the whole and the individual. Each of there examination of the need for laws in society arose from the individual's departure from the "state of nature" to community living. It is important to examine each philosopher's idea of the "state of nature" to then understand what laws are important and why obedience is necessary.
The State of Nature
Thomas Hobbes saw the state of nature, not as a period in history, but a rather how individuals would act in the most fundamental state, a state where there was "continual fear, and danger of violent death; And the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short." A state where th...