Bioluminescence is simply light created by living organisms. Probably the most commonly known example of bioluminescence by North Americans is the firefly. But over 10,000 creatures in the ocean, that's 85% of creatures 1,000 feet and below, are bioluminescent. This paper is to try to explain how and why evolution would develop bioluminescence. And how the organism weather it be plant or animal, benefits from this unique trait. There are at least six different categories of bioluminescent functions: Navigation, Defense, Communication, Camouflage, Reproduction, and to use as a trap.
One of the features of biological light (bioluminescence) that makes it unique from other forms of light is that it is cold light. Unlike the light of a candle, or a light bulb, bioluminescent light is produced with very little to no heat radiation. The light is the result of a biochemical reaction in which the oxidation of a compound called "Luciferin" and the enzyme calle...