As you are sitting in the living room watching television, you hear that familiar sound. You hear the yelling, the crashing, and the crying. In the background of all the sound, you faintly hear a child’s voice pleading for their life.
1. Unfortunately, this scenario is not that uncommon. Child maltreatment still occurs at alarming rates. In 1998, 135,573 child maltreatment investigations were conducted in Canada by Child Welfare agencies (Stats Canada, 2001). Child neglect accounted for 40% of the cases, physical abuse accounted for 31%, emotional maltreatment accounted for 19%, and sexual abuse accounted for 10%. Family members or other persons related to the child victim constituted the vast majority of the alleged perpetrators (93%). Of the substantiated cases of child maltreatment, 43% continued for more than six months. When looking at violence against children and youth reported to police in 1999, children and youth under the age of 18 years made up...