AuschwitzThe Toture Camps
Auschwitz, located thirty-seven miles west of Krakow, was the first concentration camp where Jewish people worked to death, or were automatically killed. This camp, compared to all the other camps, tortured the most people. At the camp there was a place called the "Black Wall," this was where the people were executed. In March of 1941, there was another camp that started its building. This second camp was called Auschwitz II, or Birkenau. It was located 1.9 miles away from Auschwitz I. In the town Monowitz, another camp was being built. This camp was called Auschwitz III, or Buna-Monowitz. Other camps that were located close to Monowitz were moved to Buna-Monowitz.
People that were forced to come to these camps were expelled from their homes, and their houses were destroyed purposely for building the camp, Birkenau. Birkenau had nine sub-units. Electrically charged fences that lined their borders separated the terrifying camps f...