|Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a relatively new disease found
primarily in cattle. This disease of the bovine breed was first seen in the
United Kingdom in November 1986 by histopathological examination of affected
brains (Kimberlin, 1993) . From the first discovery in 1986 to 1990 this
disease developed into a large-scale epidemic in most of the United Kingdom,
with very serious economic consequences (Moore, 1996).
BSE primarily occurs in adult cattle of both male and female genders.
The most common age at which cows may be affected is between the ages of four
and five (Blowey, 1991). Due to the fact that BSE is a neurological disease, it
is characterized by many distinct symptoms: changes in mental state 'mad-cow',
abnormalities of posture, movement, and sensation (Hunter, 1993). The duration
of the clinical disease varies with each case, but most commonly lasts for
several weeks. B...