The Theory And Testing Of The Reconceptualization Of General And Speci
This is the first 1,000 characters of 3957 words (15.83 pages) in the essay titled The Theory And Testing Of The Reconceptualization Of General And Speci
|The Theory And Testing Of The Reconceptualization Of General And Speci
The Theory and Testing of the Reconceptualization of General and Specific Deterrence
In the May 1993 issue of the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, the introduction of the reconceptualized deterrence theory was presented, explaining that general and specific deterrence are both functions of crime. Mark C. Stafford, an Associate Professor of Sociology and Associate Rural Sociologist at Washington State University, and Mark Warr, an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Texas in Austin, introduced this theory. They argued that there is no reason to have multiple theories for general and specific deterrence. Rather, a single theory is possible that centers on indirect experience with legal punishment and punishment avoidance and direct experience with legal punishment and avoidance.1 General deterrence includes the knowledge of criminal acts performed by others and the conseque...
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